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Lumpy Skin Disease in Bovines

K.L. Dahiya1, U.B. Sontakke2 & Y.D. Waghmare2

Veterinary Surgeon, Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Kurukshetra, Haryana

2LDO, Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Maharashtra Lumpy skin disease is a vector borne, neglected viral disease caused by lumpy skin disease virus, a member of Capripoxvirus genus of Poxviridae family.  It is an infectious, contagious and transboundary disease of economic importance affecting cattle and buffaloes. It causes eruptive skin lesions, occasionally fatal disease of cattle characterized by nodular growth on the skin and other parts of the body. Generally, fever, anorexia, and characteristic nodules on the skin mucous membrane of mouth, nostrils, udder, genital, rectum, drop in milk production, abortion, infertility and sometimes death are the clinical manifestations of the disease. The condition of the affected animals aggravates further by the involvement of secondary bacterial infections. Lumpy skin disease is commonly found in southern and eastern Africa, but in the 1970s it extended northwest through the continent into sub-Saharan West Africa. Since 2000, it has spread to several countries in the Middle East countries including India.

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