ADITYA*1, J N BHATIA2 & K L DAHIYA3
*1Student M.Sc (Agri.) Plant Pathology, Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Neri – Hamirpur, H.P, India.
2Professor (Plant Pathology) CCS HAU Hisar, Haryana, India
3Veterinary Surgeon, GVH Hamidpur, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
Worldwide is a growing realization that biodiversity is fundamental to agricultural production and food security, as well as a valuable ingredient of environmental conservation. With sustainable farming practices and changes in agricultural policies and institutions they can be overcome. Practices that conserve sustainably use and enhance biodiversity are necessary at all levels in faming systems and are of critically importance for food production, livelihood security, health and the maintenance of ecosystems.
Mushroom farming has been identified as a profitable enterprise since per unit productivity of mushroom is several folds high than any other crops. Besides generating income, it also supplements in the daily diet which is generally protein deficient in the rural areas. This enterprise is not only a means of crop diversification but also helpful in addressing issues pertaining to food security, health, environment as well as employment to the downtrodden unemployed youth.